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The Discursive Construction of Blame

The Discursive Construction of Blame

The Discursive Construction of Blame

Author: ,

Publisher: Springer

Isbn 10: 1137507225

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Number of Pages: 310

Number of Views: 1541

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This book examines the language of public inquiries to reveal how blame is assigned, avoided, negotiated and discussed in this quasi-legal setting. In doing so, the author adds a much-needed linguistic perspective to the study of blame – previously the reserve of moral philosophers, sociologists and psychologists – at a time when public inquiries are being convened with increasing frequency. While the stated purpose of a public inquiry is rarely to apportion blame, this work reveals how blame is nevertheless woven into the fabric of the activity and how it is constructed by the language of the participants. Its chapters systematically analyse the establishment of inquiries, their questioning patterns, how blame can be avoided by witnesses, how blame is assigned or not by an inquiry’s panel and how such blame may result in public apologies. The author concludes with an engaging discussion on the value of public inquiries in civic life and suggestions for changes to the processes of public inquiries. This book will appeal to readers with a general interest in public and political language; in addition to scholars across the disciplines of communication, media studies, politics, sociology, social policy, philosophy, psychology, linguistics, rhetoric, public relations and public affairs.


Public Inquiries

Public Inquiries

Public Inquiries

Author: Louis Blom-Cooper

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

Isbn 10: 1509906797

Category: Law

Number of Pages: 176

Number of Views: 1487

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Throughout the twentieth century, administrations have wrestled with allaying public concern over national disasters and social scandals. This book seeks to describe historically the use of public inquiries, and demonstrates why their methods continued to deploy until 1998 the ingrained habits of lawyers, particularly by issuing warning letters in order to safeguard witnesses who might be to blame. Under the influence of Lord Justice Salmon, the vital concern about systems and services allotted to social problems was relegated to the identification of individual blameworthiness. The book explains why the last inquiry under that system, into the events of 'Bloody Sunday' under Lord Saville's chairmanship, cost £200 million and took twelve and a half years (instead of two years). 'Never again', was the Government's muted cry as the method of investigating the public concern was eventually replaced by the Inquiries Act 2005, by common consent a good piece of legislation. The overriding principle of fairness to witnesses was confirmed by Parliament to those who are 'core participants' to the event, but with limited rights to participate. The public inquiry, the author asserts, is now publicly administered as a Commission of Inquiry, and is correctly regarded as a branch of public administration that focuses on the systemic question of what went wrong, as opposed to which individuals were to blame.


Public Inquiries, Policy Learning, and the Threat of Future Crises

Public Inquiries, Policy Learning, and the Threat of Future Crises

Public Inquiries, Policy Learning, and the Threat of Future Crises

Author: Alastair Stark

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Isbn 10: 0192567993

Category: Political Science

Number of Pages: 240

Number of Views: 1097

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In the aftermath of major crises governments turn to public inquiries to learn lessons. Inquiries often challenge established authority, frame heroes and villains in the public spotlight and deliver courtroom-like drama to hungry journalists. As such, they can become high-profile political stories in their own right. Inquiries also have a policy learning mandate with big implications because they are ultimately responsible for identifying policy lessons which, if implemented, should keep us safe from the next big event. However, despite their high-profile nature and their position as the pre-eminent means of learning about crises, we still know very little about what inquiries produce in terms of learning and what factors influence their effectiveness in this regard. In light of this, the question that animates this book is as important as it is simple. Can post-crisis inquiries deliver effective lesson-learning which will reduce our vulnerability to future threats? Conventional wisdom suggests that the answer to this question should be an emphatic no. Outside of the academy, for example, inquiries are regularly vilified as costly wastes of time that illuminate very little while inside social scientists echo similar concerns, regularly describing inquiries as unhelpful. These commentaries, however, lack robust, generalizable evidence to support their claims. This volume provides evidence from the first international comparison of post-crisis inquiries in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom, which shows that, contrary to conventional wisdom, the post-crisis inquiry is an effective means of policy learning after crises and that they consistently encourage policy reforms that enhance our resilience to future threats.


Governing Child Abuse Voices and Victimisation

Governing Child Abuse Voices and Victimisation

Governing Child Abuse Voices and Victimisation

Author: Jodi Death

Publisher: Routledge

Isbn 10: 1317195396

Category: Social Science

Number of Pages: 162

Number of Views: 526

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Child sexual abuse by clergy within the Roman Catholic Church has emerged as a social and political discourse over the last three decades. The analysis here specifically focuses on the establishment, conduct, and outcomes of the extensive public inquiries of Australia, although inquiries in other jurisdictions are also discussed. Unlike criminal or civil processes, although they may be inquisitory in nature, public inquiries emerge from a specifically political context and are a tool of governance embedded in a larger context of governmentality. Understanding the broader political and cultural contexts of public inquiries is important, then, in understanding their value and effectiveness as justice processes – especially for victims of CSA by clergy. What is interesting about public inquiry is that it situates victims of CSA by clergy outside of criminal and civil justice processes and recognises a different politicised relationship between victims as citizens, the state, and Catholic institutions where abuse has occurred. At the cutting edge of disciplinary and methodological understandings of the interconnections between the church, state and families, his book explores the dynamics of the emergence and politicisation of victims of CSA by clergy, their expressions of resistance and the legitimisation of their voice in public and political spheres.


Routledge Handbook of Comparative Policy Analysis

Routledge Handbook of Comparative Policy Analysis

Routledge Handbook of Comparative Policy Analysis

Author: Marleen Brans,Iris Geva-May,Michael Howlett

Publisher: Routledge

Isbn 10: 131733745X

Category: Political Science

Number of Pages: 402

Number of Views: 562

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This Handbook presents the first comprehensive study of policy analytical practices in comparative perspective. It explores emerging developments and innovations in the field and advances knowledge of the nature and quality of policy analysis across different countries and at different levels of government by all relevant actors, both inside and outside government, who contribute to the diagnosis of problems and the search for policy solutions. Handbook chapters examine all aspects of the science, art and craft of policy analysis. They do so both at the often-studied national level, and also at the less well-known level of sub-national and local governments. In addition to studying governments, the Handbook also examines for the first time the practices and policy work of a range of non-governmental actors, including think tanks, interest groups, business actors, labour groups, media, political parties and non-profits. Bringing together a rich collection of cases and a renowned group of scholars, the Handbook constitutes a landmark study in the field.


Public Inquiries

Public Inquiries

Public Inquiries

Author: Louis Blom-Cooper

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

Isbn 10: 1509906800

Category: Law

Number of Pages: 176

Number of Views: 1794

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Throughout the twentieth century, administrations have wrestled with allaying public concern over national disasters and social scandals. This book seeks to describe historically the use of public inquiries, and demonstrates why their methods continued to deploy until 1998 the ingrained habits of lawyers, particularly by issuing warning letters in order to safeguard witnesses who might be to blame. Under the influence of Lord Justice Salmon, the vital concern about systems and services allotted to social problems was relegated to the identification of individual blameworthiness. The book explains why the last inquiry under that system, into the events of 'Bloody Sunday' under Lord Saville's chairmanship, cost £200 million and took twelve and a half years (instead of two years). 'Never again', was the Government's muted cry as the method of investigating the public concern was eventually replaced by the Inquiries Act 2005, by common consent a good piece of legislation. The overriding principle of fairness to witnesses was confirmed by Parliament to those who are 'core participants' to the event, but with limited rights to participate. The public inquiry, the author asserts, is now publicly administered as a Commission of Inquiry, and is correctly regarded as a branch of public administration that focuses on the systemic question of what went wrong, as opposed to which individuals were to blame.


Policy analysis in Canada

Policy analysis in Canada

Policy analysis in Canada

Author: Dobuzinskis, Laurent,Howlett, Michael

Publisher: Policy Press

Isbn 10: 1447346041

Category: Political Science

Number of Pages: 352

Number of Views: 1104

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Policy analysis in Canada brings together original contributions from many of the field’s leading scholars. Contributors chronicle the evolution of policy analysis in Canada over the past 50 years and reflect on its application in both governmental and non-governmental settings. As part of the International Library of Policy Analysis series, the book enables cross-national comparison of public policy analysis concepts and practice within national and sub-national governments, media, NGOs and other institutional settings. Informed by the latest scholarship on policy analysis, the volume is a valuable resource for academics and students of policy studies, public management, political science and comparative policy studies.


The Practical Guide to Public Inquiries

The Practical Guide to Public Inquiries

The Practical Guide to Public Inquiries

Author: Isabelle Mitchell,Peter Watkin Jones,Sarah Jones,Emma Ireton

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

Isbn 10: 1509928332

Category: Law

Number of Pages: 328

Number of Views: 1212

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This practical guide provides legal practitioners, participants, witnesses and all those with an interest in public inquiries, with stage-by-stage 'hands on' guidance on the process of public inquiries into matters of public concern. With its user-friendly format of summaries, checklists, 'top tips' and flow charts, this book looks at the setting up of a public inquiry through to its close. It includes information on: - the appointment of the chair and inquiry team; - the choice and significance of the venue; - the drawing up of inquiry procedures, protocols and rulings; - the appointment and role of core participants; - evidence taking; - conducting and attending hearings; - the role of experts; - the writing and publication of the inquiry report. Drawing on the authors' extensive experience as public inquiry lawyers, working on inquiries such as the Bloody Sunday Inquiry, Mid Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust Inquiry, Leveson Inquiry and Grenfell Tower Inquiry, together with contributions from a number of other eminent practitioners in the field, this book provides valuable, comprehensive guidance on the public inquiry process.


Public Inquiries into Abuse of Children in Residential Care

Public Inquiries into Abuse of Children in Residential Care

Public Inquiries into Abuse of Children in Residential Care

Author: Vicki Roberts,Alan Doig

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

Isbn 10: 085700171X

Category: Family & Relationships

Number of Pages: 240

Number of Views: 862

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Increase in public concern about the abuse of children in residential homes has led to a proliferation of inquiries and large-scale criminal investigations throughout the 1990s and into the new millennium. The authors examine the background and context to these developmentals in detail. A focal point of the book is an in-depth analysis of the North Wales Tribunal (to which the authors were given extended access) - the events that led up to it, the process it followed and the recommendations that it made. The authors set out their own recommendations for future public inquiries into residential abuse. Public Inquiries into Abuse of Children in Residential Care contains a wealth of material derived from public inquiries that provides a key knowledge base for practitioners and those responsible for the provision of residential care for children. It also highlights some major issues in relation to monitoring and inquiring into matters of national concern which are also of major importance to public policy students and practitioners.


Public Inquiries, Policy Learning, and the Threat of Future Crises

Public Inquiries, Policy Learning, and the Threat of Future Crises

Public Inquiries, Policy Learning, and the Threat of Future Crises

Author: Alastair Stark

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Isbn 10: 0192567993

Category: Political Science

Number of Pages: 240

Number of Views: 861

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In the aftermath of major crises governments turn to public inquiries to learn lessons. Inquiries often challenge established authority, frame heroes and villains in the public spotlight and deliver courtroom-like drama to hungry journalists. As such, they can become high-profile political stories in their own right. Inquiries also have a policy learning mandate with big implications because they are ultimately responsible for identifying policy lessons which, if implemented, should keep us safe from the next big event. However, despite their high-profile nature and their position as the pre-eminent means of learning about crises, we still know very little about what inquiries produce in terms of learning and what factors influence their effectiveness in this regard. In light of this, the question that animates this book is as important as it is simple. Can post-crisis inquiries deliver effective lesson-learning which will reduce our vulnerability to future threats? Conventional wisdom suggests that the answer to this question should be an emphatic no. Outside of the academy, for example, inquiries are regularly vilified as costly wastes of time that illuminate very little while inside social scientists echo similar concerns, regularly describing inquiries as unhelpful. These commentaries, however, lack robust, generalizable evidence to support their claims. This volume provides evidence from the first international comparison of post-crisis inquiries in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom, which shows that, contrary to conventional wisdom, the post-crisis inquiry is an effective means of policy learning after crises and that they consistently encourage policy reforms that enhance our resilience to future threats.


Patient Safety First

Patient Safety First

Patient Safety First

Author: Paul Dugdale,Judith Healy

Publisher: Routledge

Isbn 10: 1000246760

Category: Medical

Number of Pages: 368

Number of Views: 1435

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Each year more people die in health care accidents than in road accidents. Increasingly complex medical treatments and overstretched health systems create more opportunities for things to go wrong, and they do. Patient safety is now a major regulatory issue around the world, and Australia has been at its leading edge. Self-regulation by professional and industry groups is now widely regarded as insufficient, and government is stepping in. In Patient Safety First eading experts survey the governance of clinical care. Framed within a theory of responsive regulation, core regulatory approaches to patient safety are analysed for their effectiveness, including information systems, corporate and public institution governance models, the design of safe systems, the role of medical boards, open disclosure and public inquiries. Patient Safety First includes chapters by Bruce Barraclough, John Braithwaite, Stephen Duckett and Ian Freckleton SC. It is essential reading for all medical and legal professionals working in patient safety as well as readers in public health, health policy and governance.


It Should Never Happen Again

It Should Never Happen Again

It Should Never Happen Again

Author: Mike Lauder

Publisher: Routledge

Isbn 10: 1317111729

Category: Business & Economics

Number of Pages: 286

Number of Views: 454

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In It Should Never Happen Again, Dr Mike Lauder questions the value of public inquiries. Every day, we hear about another inquiry being set up, or why the last one failed to deliver the hoped for outcomes. A great deal of time and taxpayers’ money is spent on inquiries and even more on implementing their recommendations, but the author suggests that those conducting inquiries might be considered (by their own test) criminally negligent in the way they do so and that it is no surprise that they do not lead to the learning they should. The focus of Mike Lauder’s research is the gaps between what is known, what knowledge is used by practitioners and those who judge them. He contends that the difference between the judicial perspective and that of practitioners who are judged by the inquiry process creates barriers that impede others from learning. Crucially, inquiry outcomes do not assist the leadership of organisations to improve risk governance. It Should Never Happen Again is based on research into high profile public inquiries and presidential commissions in the UK, the USA, Continental Europe, and elsewhere. Embracing issues ranging from terrorist attacks to pollution, fire and air disasters; criminal cases; banking and bribery scandals; and the state of public services, Mike Lauder contrasts the judicial perspective of those who inquire, the academic perspective of those who know and the practical perspective of those who are required to act, and offers new models for understanding risk and its governance.


Motorways versus Democracy

Motorways versus Democracy

Motorways versus Democracy

Author: ,

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

Isbn 10: 1349159204

Category: ,

Number of Pages: 166

Number of Views: 357


Policy analysis in Canada

Policy analysis in Canada

Policy analysis in Canada

Author: Dobuzinskis, Laurent,Howlett, Michael

Publisher: Policy Press

Isbn 10: 1447334922

Category: Political Science

Number of Pages: 352

Number of Views: 1175

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Policy analysis in Canada brings together original contributions from many of the field’s leading scholars. Contributors chronicle the evolution of policy analysis in Canada over the past 50 years and reflect on its application in both governmental and non-governmental settings. As part of the International Library of Policy Analysis series, the book enables cross-national comparison of public policy analysis concepts and practice within national and sub-national governments, media, NGOs and other institutional settings. Informed by the latest scholarship on policy analysis, the volume is a valuable resource for academics and students of policy studies, public management, political science and comparative policy studies.


Supporting adult care-leavers

Supporting adult care-leavers

Supporting adult care-leavers

Author: Murray, Suellen

Publisher: Policy Press

Isbn 10: 1447313658

Category: Social Science

Number of Pages: 284

Number of Views: 1395

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Growing up in care is not just a part of childhood, but can have ongoing impacts across a person’s life. Various inquiries have revealed accounts of abuse and neglect, and a fracturing of family relationships. Organised thematically to allow comparison of different initiatives, this book considers the range of responses to adult care leavers in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand and the UK. Initiatives examined include public inquiries, symbolic acknowledgements, redress schemes, specialist support services, access to personal records and family reunification programs. Featuring detailed case studies and examples of good practice, this is an excellent international source book for practitioners and policy makers in social work and social care.


The Age of the Inquiry

The Age of the Inquiry

The Age of the Inquiry

Author: Jill Manthorpe,Nicky Stanley

Publisher: Routledge

Isbn 10: 1134456646

Category: Medical

Number of Pages: 304

Number of Views: 604

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The plethora of inquiry reports published in the fields of health and welfare in the 1990s covered the full range of user groups, individuals and institutions. What similarities or differences were there between these inquiries? How effective were they in bringing about change? Whose interest did they best serve? These are some of the questions The Age of the Inquiry explores in detail, bringing together distinguished contributors with personal experience of chairing or providing evidence to inquiries to consider: the participant's view of inquiries the purpose of inquiries the impact of inquiries on health and social policy inquiries into: child abuse and death; homicides by mental health service users; the abuse of adults with learning disabilities; the abuse of older people. Wide-ranging in scope, The Age of the Inquiry focuses on service and policy development. It provides an invaluable text for students, teachers and professionals from a wide range of disciplines and professional groups.


Healthcare Law and Ethics and the Challenges of Public Policy Making

Healthcare Law and Ethics and the Challenges of Public Policy Making

Healthcare Law and Ethics and the Challenges of Public Policy Making

Author: Ian Kennedy

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

Isbn 10: 150995046X

Category: Law

Number of Pages: 464

Number of Views: 335

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Drawing on Sir Ian Kennedy's extensive experience in healthcare law, ethics and public policy-making, this book explores vital issues in the law surrounding healthcare and regulation. The book contains a range of published and unpublished essays and speeches with the addition of notes and commentaries by the author that bring the pieces up to the present day. Those who want to understand developments, from transplants to confidentiality, from COVID-19 to public inquiries to regulation will find a rich seam of rigorous, informed analysis. The author's unique range of experience allows him to share insights on a variety of issues; from the conduct of the disgraced breast surgeon, Ian Paterson, to research at Porton Down, to the economics of innovation in drug development at NICE. His abiding interest in the welfare of children informs his trenchant forensic examination of how children fare in the NHS. Those involved in or with an interest in law, moral philosophy, and public policy will find much food for thought.


Scandal, social policy and social welfare

Scandal, social policy and social welfare

Scandal, social policy and social welfare

Author: Butler, Ian,Drakeford, Mark

Publisher: Policy Press

Isbn 10: 1847421326

Category: Social Science

Number of Pages: 320

Number of Views: 661

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Scandals do not just happen. They are made. They are constructed out of such everyday tragedies as the small carelessnesses and institutional brutality of the long stay hospital, the abuse of children or the violent deaths of innocent bystanders. This book, by examining the landmark scandals of the post-war period, including more recent ones, such as the Victoria Climbie Inquiry, reveals how scandals are generated, to what purposes they are used and whose interests they are made to serve. In particular, it examines the role of the public inquiry, an increasingly familiar policy device, in the process whereby the 'story' of a particular scandal is told and its meaning fixed. Using transcripts, press coverage, materials from the Public Record Office and other contemporary sources each of the scandals described in the book is located in its own historical and policy context in order to explore the complex cause and effect relationship between public policy and scandal.


Improving Health Care Safety and Quality

Improving Health Care Safety and Quality

Improving Health Care Safety and Quality

Author: Judith Healy

Publisher: Routledge

Isbn 10: 1317118219

Category: Medical

Number of Pages: 350

Number of Views: 1435

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Responding to the public concern caused by recent hospital scandals and accounts of unintended harm to patients, this author draws on her experience of analysing the health care systems of over a dozen countries and examines whether greater regulation has increased patient safety and health care quality. The book adopts a new approach to mapping developments in health care systems in Europe, North America and Australia and pieces together evidence of which regulatory strategies and mechanisms work well to ensure safer patient care. It identifies the regulatory bodies, the regulatory principles and the implementation strategies adopted to improve governance in health care systems and suggests a conceptual framework for responsive regulation. The book will be of interest to government actors, health care professionals and medico-legal scholars.


Manitoba Law Journal: Underneath the Golden Boy 2018 Volume 41(1)

Manitoba Law Journal: Underneath the Golden Boy 2018 Volume 41(1)

Manitoba Law Journal: Underneath the Golden Boy 2018 Volume 41(1)

Author: Bryan P. Schwartz, et al.

Publisher: Manitoba Law Journal

Isbn 10:

Category: Law

Number of Pages: 532

Number of Views: 306

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Underneath the Golden Boy series of the Manitoba Law Journal reports on developments in legislation and on parliamentary and democratic reform in Manitoba, Canada, and beyond. This issue has articles from a variety of contributing authors including: Bryan P. Schwartz, Darcy L. MacPherson, Richard H. Helmmoltz, Jennifer L. Schulz, Richard Jochelson, David Ireland, John Burchill, Gerard J. Kennedy, Virginia Torrie, Ben Wickstrom, Yassir Alnaji, and Constancia Smart-Carvalho.