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The Evidence Book

The Evidence Book

The Evidence Book

Author: ,

Publisher: Routledge

Isbn 10: 135129802X

Category: Political Science

Number of Pages: 192

Number of Views: 1564

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First Published in 2017. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an Informa company.


The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids

The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids

The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Health Effects of Marijuana: An Evidence Review and Research Agenda

Publisher: National Academies Press

Isbn 10: 0309453070

Category: Science

Number of Pages: 486

Number of Views: 1085

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Significant changes have taken place in the policy landscape surrounding cannabis legalization, production, and use. During the past 20 years, 25 states and the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis and/or cannabidiol (a component of cannabis) for medical conditions or retail sales at the state level and 4 states have legalized both the medical and recreational use of cannabis. These landmark changes in policy have impacted cannabis use patterns and perceived levels of risk. However, despite this changing landscape, evidence regarding the short- and long-term health effects of cannabis use remains elusive. While a myriad of studies have examined cannabis use in all its various forms, often these research conclusions are not appropriately synthesized, translated for, or communicated to policy makers, health care providers, state health officials, or other stakeholders who have been charged with influencing and enacting policies, procedures, and laws related to cannabis use. Unlike other controlled substances such as alcohol or tobacco, no accepted standards for safe use or appropriate dose are available to help guide individuals as they make choices regarding the issues of if, when, where, and how to use cannabis safely and, in regard to therapeutic uses, effectively. Shifting public sentiment, conflicting and impeded scientific research, and legislative battles have fueled the debate about what, if any, harms or benefits can be attributed to the use of cannabis or its derivatives, and this lack of aggregated knowledge has broad public health implications. The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids provides a comprehensive review of scientific evidence related to the health effects and potential therapeutic benefits of cannabis. This report provides a research agendaâ€"outlining gaps in current knowledge and opportunities for providing additional insight into these issuesâ€"that summarizes and prioritizes pressing research needs.


Hard Evidence

Hard Evidence

Hard Evidence

Author: John Lescroart

Publisher: Penguin

Isbn 10: 9781440624223

Category: Fiction

Number of Pages: 688

Number of Views: 739

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This Dimas Hardy thriller is “a compelling combination of courtroom drama and whodunit...Sparked with crackling dialogue and vivid scenes of its San Francisco setting.”—Richmond Times-Dispatch When the bullet-ridden body of a Silicon Valley billionaire washes up on shore, assistant D.A. Dismas Hardy finds himself the prosecutor in San Francisco’s murder trial of the century. The suspect: a Japanese call girl with a long list of prominent clients. But when a bizarre series of events blows the case wide open, Hardy finds himself on the other side of the law—as a lawyer for the defense...


Evidence-Based Policy

Evidence-Based Policy

Evidence-Based Policy

Author: Nancy Cartwright,Jeremy Hardie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Isbn 10: 0199986703

Category: Political Science

Number of Pages: 208

Number of Views: 403

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Over the last twenty or so years, it has become standard to require policy makers to base their recommendations on evidence. That is now uncontroversial to the point of triviality--of course, policy should be based on the facts. But are the methods that policy makers rely on to gather and analyze evidence the right ones? In Evidence-Based Policy, Nancy Cartwright, an eminent scholar, and Jeremy Hardie, who has had a long and successful career in both business and the economy, explain that the dominant methods which are in use now--broadly speaking, methods that imitate standard practices in medicine like randomized control trials--do not work. They fail, Cartwright and Hardie contend, because they do not enhance our ability to predict if policies will be effective. The prevailing methods fall short not just because social science, which operates within the domain of real-world politics and deals with people, differs so much from the natural science milieu of the lab. Rather, there are principled reasons why the advice for crafting and implementing policy now on offer will lead to bad results. Current guides in use tend to rank scientific methods according to the degree of trustworthiness of the evidence they produce. That is valuable in certain respects, but such approaches offer little advice about how to think about putting such evidence to use. Evidence-Based Policy focuses on showing policymakers how to effectively use evidence, explaining what types of information are most necessary for making reliable policy, and offers lessons on how to organize that information.


Show Me the Evidence

Show Me the Evidence

Show Me the Evidence

Author: Ron Haskins,Greg Margolis

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

Isbn 10: 0815725701

Category: Political Science

Number of Pages: 319

Number of Views: 1955

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The first comprehensive history of the Obama administration's evidence-based initiatives. From its earliest days, the Obama administration planned and enacted several initiatives to fund social programs based on rigorous evidence of success. Ron Haskins and Greg Margolis tell the story of six—spanning preschool and K-12 education, teen pregnancy, employment and training, health, and community-based programs. Readers will appreciate the fast-moving descriptions of the politics and policy debates that shaped these federal programs and the analysis of whether they will truly reshape federal social policy and greatly improve its impacts on the nation's social problems. Based on interviews with 134 individuals (including advocates, officials at the Office of Management and Budget and the Domestic Policy Council, Congressional staff, and officials in the federal agencies administering the initiatives) as well as Congressional and administration documents and news accounts, the authors examine each of the six initiatives in separate chapters. The story of each initiative includes a review of the social problem the initiative addresses; the genesis and enactment of the legislation that authorized the initiative; and the development of the procedures used by the administration to set the evidence standard and evaluation requirements—including the requirements for grant applications and awarding of grants.


Body of Evidence

Body of Evidence

Body of Evidence

Author: Patricia Cornwell

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

Isbn 10: 1439187541

Category: Fiction

Number of Pages: 496

Number of Views: 518

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Now in a new premium edition, #1 New York Times bestselling author Patricia Cornwell’s suspense fiction classic, featuring gutsy medical examiner Kay Scarpetta. A reclusive author, Beryl Madison finds no safe haven from months of menacing phone calls—or the tormented feeling that her every move is being watched. When the writer is found slain in her own home, Kay Scarpetta pieces together the intricate forensic evidence—while unwittingly edging closer to a killer waiting in the shadows.


The Politics of Evidence (Open Access)

The Politics of Evidence (Open Access)

The Politics of Evidence (Open Access)

Author: Justin Parkhurst

Publisher: Routledge

Isbn 10: 131738086X

Category: Political Science

Number of Pages: 182

Number of Views: 645

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The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.tandfebooks.com/, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. There has been an enormous increase in interest in the use of evidence for public policymaking, but the vast majority of work on the subject has failed to engage with the political nature of decision making and how this influences the ways in which evidence will be used (or misused) within political areas. This book provides new insights into the nature of political bias with regards to evidence and critically considers what an ‘improved’ use of evidence would look like from a policymaking perspective. Part I describes the great potential for evidence to help achieve social goals, as well as the challenges raised by the political nature of policymaking. It explores the concern of evidence advocates that political interests drive the misuse or manipulation of evidence, as well as counter-concerns of critical policy scholars about how appeals to ‘evidence-based policy’ can depoliticise political debates. Both concerns reflect forms of bias – the first representing technical bias, whereby evidence use violates principles of scientific best practice, and the second representing issue bias in how appeals to evidence can shift political debates to particular questions or marginalise policy-relevant social concerns. Part II then draws on the fields of policy studies and cognitive psychology to understand the origins and mechanisms of both forms of bias in relation to political interests and values. It illustrates how such biases are not only common, but can be much more predictable once we recognise their origins and manifestations in policy arenas. Finally, Part III discusses ways to move forward for those seeking to improve the use of evidence in public policymaking. It explores what constitutes ‘good evidence for policy’, as well as the ‘good use of evidence’ within policy processes, and considers how to build evidence-advisory institutions that embed key principles of both scientific good practice and democratic representation. Taken as a whole, the approach promoted is termed the ‘good governance of evidence’ – a concept that represents the use of rigorous, systematic and technically valid pieces of evidence within decision-making processes that are representative of, and accountable to, populations served.


Handbook of Evidence-Based Therapies for Children and Adolescents

Handbook of Evidence-Based Therapies for Children and Adolescents

Handbook of Evidence-Based Therapies for Children and Adolescents

Author: Ric G. Steele,T. David Elkin,Michael C. Roberts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Isbn 10: 9780387736914

Category: Psychology

Number of Pages: 586

Number of Views: 1969

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The comprehensive coverage in this hugely important and timely handbook makes it invaluable to clinical child, school, and counseling psychologists; clinical social workers; and child psychiatrists. As a textbook for advanced clinical and counseling psychology programs, and a solid reference for the researcher in child/adolescent mental health, its emphasis on flexibility and attention to emerging issues will help readers meet ongoing challenges, as well as advance the field. Its relevance cannot be overstated, as growing numbers of young people have mental health problems requiring intervention, and current policy initiatives identify evidence-based therapies as the most effective and relevant forms of treatment.


The Book of Evidence

The Book of Evidence

The Book of Evidence

Author: Peter Achinstein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Isbn 10: 0198032919

Category: Science

Number of Pages: 304

Number of Views: 1378

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What is required for something to be evidence for a hypothesis? In this fascinating, elegantly written work, distinguished philosopher of science Peter Achinstein explores this question, rejecting typical philosophical and statistical theories of evidence. He claims these theories are much too weak to give scientists what they want--a good reason to believe--and, in some cases, they furnish concepts that mistakenly make all evidential claims a priori. Achinstein introduces four concepts of evidence, defines three of them by reference to "potential" evidence, and characterizes the latter using a novel epistemic interpretation of probability. The resulting theory is then applied to philosophical and historical issues. Solutions are provided to the "grue," "ravens," "lottery," and "old-evidence" paradoxes, and to a series of questions. These include whether explanations or predictions furnish more evidential weight, whether individual hypotheses or entire theoretical systems can receive evidential support, what counts as a scientific discovery, and what sort of evidence is required for it. The historical questions include whether Jean Perrin had non-circular evidence for the existence of molecules, what type of evidence J. J. Thomson offered for the existence of the electron, and whether, as is usually supposed, he really discovered the electron. Achinstein proposes answers in terms of the concepts of evidence introduced. As the premier book in the fabulous new series Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Science, this volume is essential for philosophers of science and historians of science, as well as for statisticians, scientists with philosophical interests, and anyone curious about scientific reasoning.


Beyond Evidence Based Policy in Public Health

Beyond Evidence Based Policy in Public Health

Beyond Evidence Based Policy in Public Health

Author: K. Smith

Publisher: Springer

Isbn 10: 1137026588

Category: Social Science

Number of Pages: 251

Number of Views: 1525

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This book explores the complex relationship between public health research and policy, employing tobacco control and health inequalities in the UK as contrasting case studies. It argues that focusing on research-informed ideas usefully draws attention to the centrality of values, politics and advocacy for public health debates.


The Condition of the Working Class in England

The Condition of the Working Class in England

The Condition of the Working Class in England

Author: Friedrich Engels

Publisher: Penguin UK

Isbn 10: 014190528X

Category: Business & Economics

Number of Pages: 320

Number of Views: 1869

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This forceful polemic explores the staggering human cost of the Industrial Revolution in Victorian England. Engels paints an unforgettable picture of daily life in the new industrial towns, and for miners and agricultural workers in a savage indictment of the greed of the bourgeoisie. His later preface, written for the first English edition of 1892 and included here, brought the story up to date in the light of forty years' further reflection.


Forensic Analysis of Biological Evidence

Forensic Analysis of Biological Evidence

Forensic Analysis of Biological Evidence

Author: J. Thomas McClintock

Publisher: CRC Press

Isbn 10: 1466504587

Category: Law

Number of Pages: 176

Number of Views: 1791

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A powerful tool in the identification of individuals, DNA typing has revolutionized criminal and paternity investigations. Widespread analysis is now conducted by public and private laboratories in the United States and abroad. Focusing on the basic techniques used in forensic DNA laboratories, Forensic Analysis of Biological Evidence: A Laboratory


Beyond Evidence Based Policy in Public Health

Beyond Evidence Based Policy in Public Health

Beyond Evidence Based Policy in Public Health

Author: K. Smith

Publisher: Springer

Isbn 10: 1137026588

Category: Social Science

Number of Pages: 251

Number of Views: 763

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This book explores the complex relationship between public health research and policy, employing tobacco control and health inequalities in the UK as contrasting case studies. It argues that focusing on research-informed ideas usefully draws attention to the centrality of values, politics and advocacy for public health debates.


Understanding Nursing Research - E-Book

Understanding Nursing Research - E-Book

Understanding Nursing Research - E-Book

Author: Susan K. Grove,Jennifer R. Gray,Nancy Burns

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

Isbn 10: 0323293328

Category: Medical

Number of Pages: 544

Number of Views: 1786

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As the bestselling nursing research text, Understanding Nursing Research: Building an Evidence-Based Practice, 6th Edition offers unique insights into understanding, appraising, and applying published research to evidence-based practice. It is known for its authoritative content, time-tested systematic approach, and unique research example format newly redesigned for the sixth edition to better demonstrate how the steps of the research process relate to evidence-based nursing. "This would be excellent for student nurses, nurses new to research or any nurse with an interest in research." Reviewed by: Helen Reeves, St Giles Walsall Hospice on behalf of Nursing Times, December 2015 Authoritative content is written by two of the true pioneers in nursing research, who offer unique, first-hand insights into the field. Research examples provide practice in working with published studies, with many of the examples including Critical Appraisal and Implications for Practice sections. Clear, step-by-step organization introduces the research process and demonstrates how this systematic framework relates to evidence-based practice. Strong emphasis on evidence-based practice helps you develop skills in studying and appraising published research, so you are prepared for your role in working with research evidence. Critical Appraisal Guidelines boxes provide step-by-step guidance in appraising published research studies. Emphasis on critical appraisal versus critique reflects contemporary usage in nursing research and evidence-based practice. Balanced coverage of qualitative research prepares you to approach research questions and clinical questions with an unbiased view of the researcher's methodology. Presentation of two different appraisal processes covers both the traditional in-depth critical appraisal process that prepares you for graduate-level work in research, and the concise, practice-focused research appraisal process that equips you for quick and accurate evaluation of the applicability of research findings to clinical practice.


Translating Evidence and Interpreting Testimony at a War Crimes Tribunal

Translating Evidence and Interpreting Testimony at a War Crimes Tribunal

Translating Evidence and Interpreting Testimony at a War Crimes Tribunal

Author: Ellen Elias-Bursac

Publisher: Springer

Isbn 10: 1137332670

Category: Political Science

Number of Pages: 311

Number of Views: 1834

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How can defendants be tried if they cannot understand the charges being raised against them? Can a witness testify if the judges and attorneys cannot understand what the witness is saying? Can a judge decide whether to convict or acquit if she or he cannot read the documentary evidence? The very viability of international criminal prosecution and adjudication hinges on the massive amounts of translation and interpreting that are required in order to run these lengthy, complex trials, and the procedures for handling the demands facing language services. This book explores the dynamic courtroom interactions in the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia in which witnesses testify through an interpreter about translations, attorneys argue through an interpreter about translations and the interpreting, and judges adjudicate on the interpreted testimony and translated evidence.


Key Facts Evidence

Key Facts Evidence

Key Facts Evidence

Author: Emma Washbourne

Publisher: Routledge

Isbn 10: 1444169998

Category: Law

Number of Pages: 160

Number of Views: 1796

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Key Facts is the essential revision series for anyone studying law, including LLB, ILEX and post-graduate conversion courses. The Key Facts series provides the simplest and most effective way for you to absorb and retain the essential facts needed to pass your exams effortlessly. Key features include: * Diagrams at the start of chapters to summarise the key points * Structured heading levels to allow for clear recall of the main facts * Charts and tables to break down more complex information New to these editions is an improved text design making the books easier read and the facts easier to retain. Key Facts books are supported by the website www.UnlockingTheLaw.co.uk where you will find extensive revision materials including MCQs and Key Q&As.


Evidence and Counter-Evidence

Evidence and Counter-Evidence

Evidence and Counter-Evidence

Author: Alexander Lubotsky,Jos Schaeken,Jeroen Wiedenhof

Publisher: Rodopi

Isbn 10: 9042024712

Category: Foreign Language Study

Number of Pages: 428

Number of Views: 1693

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Contents The Editors: Preface List of Publications by Frederik Kortlandt Willem ADELAAR: Towards a Typological Profile of the Andean Languages Elisabeth DE BOER: The Origin of Alternations in Initial Pitch in ihe Verbal Paradigms of the Central Japanese (Kyoto Type) Accent Systems V.A. CHIRIKBA: Armenians and their Dialects in Abkhazia Katia CHIRKOVA: On the Position of Baima within Tibetan: A Look from Basic Vocabulary Karen STEFFEN CHUNG: Living (Happily) with Contradiction George van DRIEM: The Language Organism: Parasite or Mutualist? Roger FINCH: Mongolian /-gar/ and Japanese /-gar-/ Stefan GEORG: Yeniseic Languages and the Siberian Linguistic Area Ekaterina GRUZDEVA: How to Orient Oneself on Sakhalin: A Guide to Nivkh Locational Terms C. HOEDE: Knowledge Graph Analysis of Particles in Japanese Henning KLOTER: Facts and Fantasy about Favorlang: Early European Encounters with Taiwan's Languages Maarten KOSSMANN: Three Irregular Berber Verbs: 'Eat', 'Drink', 'Be Cooked, Ripen' Riikka LANSISALMI: Teaching Personal Reference in Japanese Elena MASLOVA: Dual Nominalisation in Yukaghir: Structural Ambiguity as Semantic Duality Roy Andrew MILLER: The Altaic Aorist in *-"Ra" in Old Korean Marc Hideo MIYAKE: Avoiding Abba: Old Chinese Syllabic Harmony Maarten MOUS: Voice in Tunen: The So-Called Passive Prefix "Be"- Irina NIKOLAEVA: Chuvan and Omok Languages? Martine ROBBEETS: If Japanese is Altaic, How can it be so Simple? Elena SKRIBNIK: Buryat Evaluative Constructions Harry STROOMER: Three Tashelhiyt Berber Texts from the Arsene Roux Archives Arie VERHAGEN: Syntax, Recursion, Productivity - A Usage-Based Perspective on the Evolution of Grammar Jeroen WIEDENHOF: Language, Brains and the Syntactic Revolution


Character Evidence

Character Evidence

Character Evidence

Author: Douglas Walton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Isbn 10: 1402049439

Category: Philosophy

Number of Pages: 240

Number of Views: 431

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This book examines the nature of evidence for character judgments, using a model of abductive reasoning called Inference To The Best Explanation. The book expands this notion based on recent work with models of reasoning using argumentation theory and artificial intelligence. The aim is not just to show how character judgments are made, but how they should be properly be made based on sound reasoning, avoiding common errors and superficial judgments.


The Lincoln Assassination

The Lincoln Assassination

The Lincoln Assassination

Author: William C. Edwards,Edward Steers

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

Isbn 10: 0252091078

Category: History

Number of Pages: 1488

Number of Views: 1130

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On April 22, 1865, Brevet Colonel H. L. Burnett was assigned to head the investigation into the murder of President Abraham Lincoln and the attempted murder of Secretary of State William H. Seward. Burnett orchestrated the collection of thousands of documents for the Military Commission’s trial of the conspirators. This deep archive of documentary evidence--consisting of letters, depositions, eyewitness accounts, investigative reports, and other documents--provides invaluable insight into the historical, cultural, and judicial context of the investigation. Only a fraction of the information presented in these documents ever made its way into the trial, and most of it has never been readily accessible. By presenting an annotated and indexed transcription of these documents, this volume offers significant new access to information on the events surrounding the assassination and a vast new store of social and political history of the Civil War era. “With tears in my eyes I think it your duty to hang every rebel caught. I feel as bad as if was my own mother or father & will be one to volunteer to try & shoot every Southern man. May God have mercy on the man’s soul that done such a deed. With much Respect for our Country, I remain Weeping” --Anonymous letter, New York, April 15, 1865 “I know Booth. He was in the habit of coming to my place to shoot. . . . He shot well, and practiced to shoot with accuracy in every possible position. . . . He was a quick shot; always silent, reticent.” --Deposition of Benjamin Barker, Pistol Gallery proprietor


Evidence

Evidence

Evidence

Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Isbn 10: 022646640X

Category: Social Science

Number of Pages: 240

Number of Views: 1248

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Howard S. Becker is a master of his discipline. His reputation as a teacher, as well as a sociologist, is supported by his best-selling quartet of sociological guidebooks: Writing for Social Scientists, Tricks of the Trade, Telling About Society, and What About Mozart? What About Murder? It turns out that the master sociologist has yet one more trick up his sleeve—a fifth guidebook, Evidence. Becker has for seventy years been mulling over the problem of evidence. He argues that social scientists don’t take questions about the usefulness of their data as evidence for their ideas seriously enough. For example, researchers have long used the occupation of a person’s father as evidence of the family’s social class, but studies have shown this to be a flawed measure—for one thing, a lot of people answer that question too vaguely to make the reasoning plausible. The book is filled with examples like this, and Becker uses them to expose a series of errors, suggesting ways to avoid them, or even to turn them into research topics in their own right. He argues strongly that because no data-gathering method produces totally reliable information, a big part of the research job consists of getting rid of error. Readers will find Becker’s newest guidebook a valuable tool, useful for social scientists of every variety.