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Human Enhancement

Human Enhancement

Human Enhancement

Author: ,

Publisher: OUP Oxford

Isbn 10: 0191559601

Category: Philosophy

Number of Pages: 432

Number of Views: 1301

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To what extent should we use technology to try to make better human beings? Because of the remarkable advances in biomedical science, we must now find an answer to this question. Human enhancement aims to increase human capacities above normal levels. Many forms of human enhancement are already in use. Many students and academics take cognition enhancing drugs to get a competitive edge. Some top athletes boost their performance with legal and illegal substances. Many an office worker begins each day with a dose of caffeine. This is only the beginning. As science and technology advance further, it will become increasingly possible to enhance basic human capacities to increase or modulate cognition, mood, personality, and physical performance, and to control the biological processes underlying normal aging. Some have suggested that such advances would take us beyond the bounds of human nature. These trends, and these dramatic prospects, raise profound ethical questions. They have generated intense public debate and have become a central topic of discussion within practical ethics. Should we side with bioconservatives, and forgo the use of any biomedical interventions aimed at enhancing human capacities? Should we side with transhumanists and embrace the new opportunities? Or should we perhaps plot some middle course? Human Enhancement presents the latest moves in this crucial debate: original contributions from many of the world's leading ethicists and moral thinkers, representing a wide range of perspectives, advocates and sceptics, enthusiasts and moderates. These are the arguments that will determine how humanity develops in the near future.


SEED QUALITY ENHANCEMENT : PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES

SEED QUALITY ENHANCEMENT : PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES

SEED QUALITY ENHANCEMENT : PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES

Author: Kalaivani, S.,Sasthri, G.,Selvakumari, A.,Srimathi, P.,Vanangamudi, K.,Vanangamudi, M.

Publisher: Scientific Publishers

Isbn 10: 9386347792

Category: ,

Number of Pages: N.A

Number of Views: 1745

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Seed is the source of future plants or foods, is the storage place of culture of history, is the first link in the food chain, is the ultimate symbol of food security. Seed is the source of life. Seeds are basic in crop production. No agricultural practice can improve a crop beyond the limits set by the seed. Quality seed is the key for successful agriculture, which demands each and every seed should be readily germinable and produce a vigorous seedling ensuring high yield. “Care with the seed and joy with the harvest” and “Good seed doesn’t cost it always pays” are the popular adage which enlightens the importance of the quality seed. The farmers always very much interested in the best seed management practices which are safe, environmentally sound and scientifically proven technologies. Understandably, in view of the importance of quality seeds in Agriculture, both as a product and as a means of establishing a crop, most attention at all levels of investigation has been directed to crop seeds. Since seed is a biological entity, deterioration beyond harvest is inevitable. The consequences of low quality seeds are poor germination, low and delayed emergence and weak growth leading to poor field stand and ultimately reflecting on reduced yield. Low productivity could be attributed broadly to use of poor quality seeds. At present to overcome this, several seed enhancement techniques are available for quality upgradation. It has two goals; one is related to seed designing and other to seed functioning. The rationale for pre-sowing seed enhancement techniques is to mobilize the seeds own resources and to augment them with external resources to get maximum improvement in field stand establishment and yield. To achieve this, several physical, physiological and biochemical treatments are available at present to give value addition to seeds. Physiological seed treatments that improve seed performance are based primarily on seed hydration and dehydration. Among several non physiological seed treatments, coating or pelleting can also indirectly improve seed germination, stand establishment and crop productivity.


The Human Enhancement Debate and Disability

The Human Enhancement Debate and Disability

The Human Enhancement Debate and Disability

Author: M. Eilers,K. Grüber,C. Rehmann-Sutter

Publisher: Springer

Isbn 10: 1137405538

Category: Social Science

Number of Pages: 257

Number of Views: 862

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Improving human characteristics goes beyond compensating for an impairment. This book explores the rich and complex relationship between enhancement and impairment, showing that the study of disability offers new ways of thinking about the social and ethical implications of improving the human condition.


Rethinking Human Enhancement

Rethinking Human Enhancement

Rethinking Human Enhancement

Author: Laura Y. Cabrera

Publisher: Springer

Isbn 10: 1137402245

Category: Social Science

Number of Pages: 201

Number of Views: 498

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This book discusses three possible human enhancement paradigms and explores how each involves different values, uses of technology, and different degrees and kinds of ethical concerns. A new framework is advanced that promotes technological innovation that serves the improvement of the human condition in a respectful and sustainable way.


Inquiring into Human Enhancement

Inquiring into Human Enhancement

Inquiring into Human Enhancement

Author: Sylvie Allouche,Jean Gayon,Michela Marzano,Jérôme Goffette

Publisher: Springer

Isbn 10: 1137530073

Category: Social Science

Number of Pages: 278

Number of Views: 1419

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Human enhancement has become a major concern in debates about the future of contemporary societies. This interdisciplinary book is devoted to clarifying the underlying ambiguities of these debates, and to proposing novel ways of exploring what human enhancement means and understanding what practices, goals and justifications it entails.


Research Anthology on Emerging Technologies and Ethical Implications in Human Enhancement

Research Anthology on Emerging Technologies and Ethical Implications in Human Enhancement

Research Anthology on Emerging Technologies and Ethical Implications in Human Enhancement

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

Isbn 10: 1799881032

Category: Science

Number of Pages: 791

Number of Views: 365

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Along with the introduction of technology in nearly every facet of human life comes the question of the ethical side of using technology to improve the human condition, whether that be physically or mentally. The capabilities of human enhancement technologies have created a dual-sided approach to discussing human enhancement: the critical approach of attempting to reach human perfection and the ethics within that idea and the endless capabilities of technology that have greatly impacted the medical field. It is essential to discuss both aspects within these emerging technologies, whether as separate entities or as cohesive units. Ranging from disease detection and treatment to implants and prosthetics to robotics and genetic engineering, human enhancement technologies are widespread and multi-purposed. By going beyond the capabilities of human hands, these technologies have propelled modern medicine and healthcare to new levels that have allowed humans to face new treatments or assistive technologies not seen before. The Research Anthology on Emerging Technologies and Ethical Implications in Human Enhancement covers the primary technologies and tools being used in medicine and healthcare along with discussions on the ethics of enhancing the human body. Topics covered include prosthetics and implants, robotics, human disorders/diseases and treatments and smart technologies, along with law and theory. This publication serves as a valuable reference work for doctors, medical professionals, researchers, students, professionals, and practitioners involved in fields that include ethics, medicine, computer science, robotics, genetics, assistive technologies, nanotechnology, biomedical engineering, and biotechnology.


Percutaneous Penetration Enhancers Chemical Methods in Penetration Enhancement

Percutaneous Penetration Enhancers Chemical Methods in Penetration Enhancement

Percutaneous Penetration Enhancers Chemical Methods in Penetration Enhancement

Author: Nina Dragicevic,Howard I. Maibach

Publisher: Springer

Isbn 10: 3662478625

Category: Medical

Number of Pages: 384

Number of Views: 657

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Percutaneous Penetration Enhancers in a mini-series format comprising five volumes, represents the most comprehensive reference on enhancement methods – both well established and recently introduced – in the field of dermal/transdermal drug delivery. In detail the broad range of both chemical and physical methods used to enhance the skin delivery of drugs is described. All aspects of drug delivery and measurement of penetration are covered and the latest findings are provided on skin structure and function, mathematics in skin permeation and modern analytical techniques adapted to assess and measure penetration. In offering a detailed description of the methods currently in use for penetration enhancement, this book will be of value for researchers, pharmaceutical scientists, practitioners and also students.​


Biomechanics in Sport: Performance Enhancement and Injury Prevention

Biomechanics in Sport: Performance Enhancement and Injury Prevention

Biomechanics in Sport: Performance Enhancement and Injury Prevention

Author: Vladimir Zatsiorsky

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Isbn 10: 0470693045

Category: Medical

Number of Pages: 680

Number of Views: 838

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Biomechanics in Sport is a unique reference text prepared by the leading world experts in sport biomechanics. Over thirty chapters cover a broad spectrum of topics, ranging from muscle mechanics to injury prevention, and from aerial movement to wheelchair sport. The biomechanics of sports including running, skating, skiing, swimming, jumping in athletics, figure skating, ski jumping, diving, javelin and hammer throwing, shot putting, and striking movements are all explained.


Generosity

Generosity

Generosity

Author: Richard Powers

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Isbn 10: 1429945923

Category: Fiction

Number of Pages: 304

Number of Views: 438

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FROM THE NATIONAL BOOK AWARD–WINNING AUTHOR OF THE ECHO MAKER, A PLAYFUL AND PROVOCATIVE NOVEL ABOUT THE DISCOVERY OF THE HAPPINESS GENE When Chicagoan Russell Stone finds himself teaching a Creative Nonfiction class, he encounters a young Algerian woman with a disturbingly luminous presence. Thassadit Amzwar's blissful exuberance both entrances and puzzles the melancholic Russell. How can this refugee from perpetual terror be so happy? Won't someone so open and alive come to serious harm? Wondering how to protect her, Russell researches her war-torn country and skims through popular happiness manuals. Might her condition be hyperthymia? Hypomania? Russell's amateur inquiries lead him to college counselor Candace Weld, who also falls under Thassa's spell. Dubbed Miss Generosity by her classmates, Thassa's joyful personality comes to the attention of the notorious geneticist and advocate for genomic enhancement, Thomas Kurton, whose research leads him to announce the genotype for happiness. Russell and Candace, now lovers, fail to protect Thassa from the growing media circus. Thassa's congenital optimism is soon severely tested. Devoured by the public as a living prophecy, her genetic secret will transform both Russell and Kurton, as well as the country at large. What will happen to life when science identifies the genetic basis of happiness? Who will own the patent? Do we dare revise our own temperaments? Funny, fast, and finally magical, Generosity celebrates both science and the freed imagination. In his most exuberant book yet, Richard Powers asks us to consider the big questions facing humankind as we begin to rewrite our own existence.


Medical Enhancement and Posthumanity

Medical Enhancement and Posthumanity

Medical Enhancement and Posthumanity

Author: Bert Gordijn,Ruth Chadwick

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Isbn 10: 1402088523

Category: Medical

Number of Pages: 240

Number of Views: 1225

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As we are increasingly using new technologies to change ourselves beyond therapy and in accordance with our own desires, understanding the challenges of human enhancement has become one of the most urgent topics of the current age. This volume contributes to such an understanding by critically examining the pros and cons of our growing ability to shape human nature through technological advancements. The authors undertake careful analyses of decisive questions that will confront society as enhancement interventions using bio-, info-, neuro- and nanotechnologies become widespread in the years to come. They provide the reader with the conceptual tools necessary to address such questions fruitfully. What makes the book especially attractive is the combination of conceptual, historical and ethical approaches, rendering it highly original. In addition, the well-balanced structure allows both favourable and critical views to be voiced. Moreover, the work has a crystal clear structure. As a consequence, the book is accessible to a broad academic audience. The issues raised are of interest to a wide reflective public concerned about science and ethics, as well as to students, academics and professionals in areas such as philosophy, applied ethics, bioethics, medicine and health management.


Optimal and Suboptimal Control of SMES Devices for Power System Stability Enhancement

Optimal and Suboptimal Control of SMES Devices for Power System Stability Enhancement

Optimal and Suboptimal Control of SMES Devices for Power System Stability Enhancement

Author: Dr. Hidaia Mahmoud Alassouli

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

Isbn 10: 1716198186

Category: Technology & Engineering

Number of Pages: N.A

Number of Views: 1955

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This is my master thesis "Optimal and Suboptimal control of SMES Devices for Power System Stability Enhancement." It includes the fallowing chapters: 1) Chapter 1:Introduction 2) Chapter 2:System Modeling 3) Chapter 3:Control Design 4) Chapter 4:SMES Control for Single Machine Infinite Bus System 5) Chapter 5: Application to Multi-Machine System 6) Main Fortran Program of M. Sc. Thesis “Optimal and Suboptimal Control of SMES Devices for Power System Stability Enhancement”


Color Image and Video Enhancement

Color Image and Video Enhancement

Color Image and Video Enhancement

Author: Emre Celebi,Michela Lecca,Bogdan Smolka

Publisher: Springer

Isbn 10: 3319093630

Category: Technology & Engineering

Number of Pages: 393

Number of Views: 431

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This text covers state-of-the-art color image and video enhancement techniques. The book examines the multivariate nature of color image/video data as it pertains to contrast enhancement, color correction (equalization, harmonization, normalization, balancing, constancy, etc.), noise removal and smoothing. This book also discusses color and contrast enhancement in vision sensors and applications of image and video enhancement.


Truly Human Enhancement

Truly Human Enhancement

Truly Human Enhancement

Author: Nicholas Agar

Publisher: MIT Press

Isbn 10: 0262318989

Category: Philosophy

Number of Pages: 232

Number of Views: 900

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A nuanced discussion of human enhancement that argues for enhancement that does not significantly exceed what is currently possible for human beings. The transformative potential of genetic and cybernetic technologies to enhance human capabilities is most often either rejected on moral and prudential grounds or hailed as the future salvation of humanity. In this book, Nicholas Agar offers a more nuanced view, making a case for moderate human enhancement—improvements to attributes and abilities that do not significantly exceed what is currently possible for human beings. He argues against radical human enhancement, or improvements that greatly exceed current human capabilities. Agar explores notions of transformative change and motives for human enhancement; distinguishes between the instrumental and intrinsic value of enhancements; argues that too much enhancement undermines human identity; considers the possibility of cognitively enhanced scientists; and argues against radical life extension. Making the case for moderate enhancement, Agar argues that many objections to enhancement are better understood as directed at the degree of enhancement rather than enhancement itself. Moderate human enhancement meets the requirement of truly human enhancement. By radically enhancing human cognitive capabilities, by contrast, we may inadvertently create beings (“post-persons”) with moral status higher than that of persons. If we create beings more entitled to benefits and protections against harms than persons, Agar writes, this will be bad news for the unenhanced. Moderate human enhancement offers a more appealing vision of the future and of our relationship to technology.


EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS: Wellness/Enhancement Programming (4th Ed.)

EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS: Wellness/Enhancement Programming (4th Ed.)

EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS: Wellness/Enhancement Programming (4th Ed.)

Author: Michael A. Richard

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

Isbn 10: 0398085617

Category: Electronic books

Number of Pages: 429

Number of Views: 1595

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This landmark text discusses current issues and trends to help employee assistance and human resource professionals do their jobs better and help people live happier, more productive lives by providing them with the resources to deal with personal problems. The current spiraling and escalating rate of change within the business and working world, fueled by other events and phenomena since September 11, 2001, were the impetus and driving force behind the initiative and development of this new fourth edition. This book contains 43 chapters; a total of 21 are from the first two editions, eleven were written specifically for the third edition, and eleven new chapters were exclusively written for this new fourth edition. While savoring the still pertinent, meaningful and relevant-to-today materials from the previous editions, there are nine new updates, written by an all-star team of experts in their respective areas. The topics include history and philosophy, structure and organization, client services and characteristics, program planning and evaluation, professional and paraprofessional training and development, special issues, selected examples and future directions. An excellent textbook for college and university courses and preparation source, this book is a must for professionals wanting to be up-to-date on employee assistance programming, for students in graduate courses and seminars, for college and university courses, and in-service training and continuing education programs.


Applications of Nanofluid for Heat Transfer Enhancement

Applications of Nanofluid for Heat Transfer Enhancement

Applications of Nanofluid for Heat Transfer Enhancement

Author: Mohsen Sheikholeslami,Davood Domairry Ganji

Publisher: William Andrew

Isbn 10: 0128123982

Category: Science

Number of Pages: 618

Number of Views: 1070

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Applications of Nanofluid for Heat Transfer Enhancement explores recent progress in computational fluid dynamic and nonlinear science and its applications to nanofluid flow and heat transfer. The opening chapters explain governing equations and then move on to discussions of free and forced convection heat transfers of nanofluids. Next, the effect of nanofluid in the presence of an electric field, magnetic field, and thermal radiation are investigated, with final sections devoted to nanofluid flow in porous media and application of nanofluid for solidification. The models discussed in the book have applications in various fields, including mathematics, physics, information science, biology, medicine, engineering, nanotechnology, and materials science. Presents the latest information on nanofluid free and force convection heat transfer, of nanofluid in the presence of thermal radiation, and nanofluid in the presence of an electric field Provides an understanding of the fundamentals in new numerical and analytical methods Includes codes for each modeling method discussed, along with advice on how to best apply them


Two-Phase Heat Transfer Enhancement

Two-Phase Heat Transfer Enhancement

Two-Phase Heat Transfer Enhancement

Author: Sujoy Kumar Saha,Hrishiraj Ranjan,Madhu Sruthi Emani,Anand Kumar Bharti

Publisher: Springer

Isbn 10: 3030207552

Category: Science

Number of Pages: 121

Number of Views: 685

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This Brief concerns heat transfer and pressure drop in heat transfer enhancement for boiling and condensation. The authors divide their topic into six areas: abrasive treatment and coatings, combined structured and porous surfaces, basic principles of boiling mechanism, vapor space condensation, convective vaporization, and forced condensation inside tubes. Within this framework, the book examines range of specific phenomena including abrasive treatment, open grooves, 3D cavities, etched surfaces, electroplating, pierced 3D cover sheets, attached wire and screen promoters, non-wetting coatings, oxide and ceramic coatings, porous surfaces, structured surfaces (integral roughness), combined structured and porous surfaces, composite surfaces, single-tube pool boiling tests, theoretical fundamentals like liquid superheat, effect of cavity shape and contact angle on superheat, entrapment of vapor in cavities, nucleation at a surface cavity, effect of dissolved gases, bubble departure diameter, bubble dynamics, boiling hysteresis and orientation effects, basic principles of boiling mechanism, visualization and mechanism of boiling in subsurface tunnels, and Chien and Webb parametric boiling studies.


Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Author: Ruud ter Meulen,Ahmed Mohammed,Wayne Hall

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Isbn 10: 0191040827

Category: Medical

Number of Pages: 336

Number of Views: 1203

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There has been much recent excitement amongst neuroscientists and ethicists about the possibility of using drugs, as well as other technologies, to enhance cognition in healthy individuals. This excitement has arisen from recent advances in neuroscientific technologies such as drugs that increase alertness and wakefulness in healthy individuals or technologies that can stimulate activity in different parts of the brain - either via the scalp or via electrodes - raising the possibility of producing cognitive and affective improvements in otherwise healthy individuals. Despite this growing interest, there are conflicting views on the ethics of cognitive enhancement. Some argue that enhancement is not only an ethical pursuit but one that we have a moral obligation to pursue. Others are more skeptical about the ethical implications and long term effects of cognitive enhancement. Some neuroscientists argue that use of stimulants as putative enhancers will lead to misuse, abuse and addiction in some users, and might have undesirable long-term consequences. This book critically explores and analyses the scientific and ethical debates surrounding cognitive enhancers. Including contributions from neuroscientists, neuropsychopharmacologists, ethicists, philosophers, public health professionals, and policy researchers, the book offers a multidisciplinary, critical consideration of the ethics of the use of cognitive enhancers.


Spiritualities, ethics, and implications of human enhancement and artificial intelligence

Spiritualities, ethics, and implications of human enhancement and artificial intelligence

Spiritualities, ethics, and implications of human enhancement and artificial intelligence

Author: Ray Kurzweil,Christopher Benek,Jacob Boss,Philip Reed-Butler,Michael Caligiuri,Irene J. Dabrowski,Mark Graves,Anthony L. Haynor,Braden Molhoek,Peter Robinson,Una Stroda,Tracy J. Trothen,Alan Weissenbacher

Publisher: Vernon Press

Isbn 10: 1622738691

Category: Philosophy

Number of Pages: 302

Number of Views: 1486

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By taking a religiously and spiritually literature approach, this volume gets the heart of several emerging ethical issues crucial to both human identity and personhood beyond the human as technology advances in the areas of human enhancement and artificial intelligence (AI). Several significant questions are addressed by the contributors, such as: How far should we go in improving our biological selves? How long should we aspire to live? What are fair and just human enhancements? When will AIs become people? What does AI spirituality consist of? Can AIs do more than project humour and emotions? What are the religious undertones of these high technology quests for better AI and improved human existence? Established and emerging voices explore these questions, and more, in Spiritualities, ethics, and implications of human enhancement and artificial intelligence. This volume will be of interest to university students and researchers absorbed by issues surrounding spiritualities, human enhancement, and artificial intelligence; while also providing points for reflection for the wider public as these topics become increasingly important to our common future.